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What happened to the lab-leak hypothesis? :marseyhmm:

HN discussion

:marseytunaktunak::marseytunaktunak: video


Yandex open sources 100B GPT-like model :marseysaluteussr::marseyrussiaglow:

PSA: Yandex is a multi-billion Moscow based company, finances the Russian war of aggression in Ukraine, and is one of the main Kremlin's tool in spreading propaganda and suppressing dissent.


YaLM 100B is a GPT-like neural network for generating and processing text. It can be used freely by developers and researchers from all over the world.

The model leverages 100 billion parameters. It took 65 days to train the model on a cluster of 800 A100 graphics cards and 1.7 TB of online texts, books, and countless other sources in both English and Russian.

Training details and best practices on acceleration and stabilizations can be found on Medium (English) and Habr (Russian) articles.

Make sure to have 200GB of free disk space before downloading weights. The model (code is based on microsoft/DeepSpeedExamples/Megatron-LM-v1.1.5-ZeRO3) is supposed to run on multiple GPUs with tensor parallelism. It was tested on 4 (A100 80g) and 8 (V100 32g) GPUs, but is able to work with different configurations with ≈200GB of GPU memory in total which divide weight dimensions correctly (e.g. 16, 64, 128).




Ads are coming to Netflix – or rather to a new, as-yet unnamed Netflix tier – and the news has sent some people spiraling. It shouldn't, though, because a commercial-supported Netflix is the only way to save the streaming service, keep your favorite shows on the air, and ensure that there are more Stranger Things-level binge-worthy series in the future.

Almost as soon as Netflix Co-CEO Ted Sarandos uttered the words "We're adding an ad tier," at the Cannes Lions entertainment industry event, panic ensued.

Even though Sarandos made it clear that ads are not coming to Premium Netflix (the $19.99/£15.99-a-month tier), I'm not sure people got the message. They responded on Twitter with denial(opens in new tab), and concerns that Netflix is just becoming a "global TV channel(opens in new tab)."

Others lamented that perhaps Netflix should work on not abruptly canceling shows(opens in new tab) before introducing ads.

I get the concerns, but they're also missing the point.

You want this

Pulling in new customers with a low-cost tier while generating what could be billions in ad revenue is, ultimately, a win for every Netflix subscriber.

If you're frustrated that Netflix is refusing to give your beloved series(opens in new tab) more than one season to find an audience, the Netflix ad tier could solve that problem.

If you're wondering why you've run out of things to watch on Netflix, Ad-Netflix could solve that problem.

If you're sick of all the reality programming on Netflix, and wondering why Netflix doesn't produce more shows like Stranger Things, AdFlix could solve that problem, too.

Now, I don't know if Netflix will go with 'AdFlix' for its low-cost tier. However, if it does adopt this admittedly awful name, I would like credit (and maybe a small honorarium).

There is a path

I've seen how ad-supported platforms work. I'm currently on the Paramount Plus ad plan. If I want to watch one of its constantly emerging Star Trek franchise series, I have to sit through between four and eight ads (usually four commercial breaks) per one-hour series. It's not terrible. I usually pick up my phone and ignore the ads.

I suspect Netflix's ad-supported tier might have fewer ad breaks. In fact, I wonder how well its current shows are designed to support commercial breaks.

Whether or not you switch to the ad tier to save money (it could give you as much as $14/£10 off a month), there will be a net benefit for all Netflix subscribers.

The money generated from ad revenue will support what has ballooned to at least a $230 billion-a-year content budget. In keeping with what has been a parade of unpopular cost-cutting moves, Netflix might be spending less on original shows this year, but it's still likely in the range of the budget for a small European country.

As soon as Netflix unveils Adflix (TM), its subscription numbers will balloon again. While it will need more scale (more subscribers) to achieve similar revenue numbers to what it might have had with full-boat subscribers, I think the streamer's cashflow problems will quickly end.

What will follow is a Netflix Spring, with tons of new content initiatives, maybe an Intellectual Property acquisition or two (surely, it will buy Roku and the Quibi library by then) and the end of unexpected show cancellations.

I'm not saying your favorite show will live on no matter the streaming numbers, but Netflix will have the wherewithal to give things a chance.

Trust me: Adflix... I mean, a Netflix Ad tier, is a very good thing.


The NSW government will introduce laws to confiscate unexplained wealth from criminal gangs and ban the use of encrypted devices as part of long-waited reforms to combat money laundering and organised crime.

A snap cabinet meeting late on Wednesday night agreed to the new measures, designed to cripple the finances of crime networks, stopping criminals from profiting from their actions and incapacitating them financially.

The new powers allow for the confiscation of unlawfully acquired assets of major convicted drug traffickers and expand powers to stop and search for unexplained wealth.

Senior ministers have been working on new laws to deal with proceeds of crime and unexplained wealth since last year, when secret briefings from top-ranking police warned that organised crime in NSW was out of control.

Police Assistant Commissioner Stuart Smith warned cabinet ministers and senior public servants in December that organised crime was rampant and anti-organised crime laws in NSW were abysmal.

Days after that briefing, Premier Dominic Perrottet was also provided with the same damning update from Smith, a senior government source with knowledge of the conversations has confirmed.

That month, Attorney-General Mark Speakman and then police minister David Elliott began working on laws to tackle unexplained wealth. The work has continued under new Police Minister Paul Toole.

Perrottet said the new powers would help police infiltrate criminal networks.

“Organised crime is all about drug supply and money – and to truly shut it down we need to shut down the flow of dollars that fuels it,” Perrottet said.

“These reforms will better arm law enforcement agencies with the powers they need to confiscate unexplained wealth and create new offences and tougher penalties for those seeking to launder money derived from criminal activity.

“Organised crime and the technologies that criminals use are always changing and evolving, and these reforms will put our state in the strongest position to deal with these insidious crimes.”

Deputy Premier and Police Minister Paul Toole “organised crime in this state is on notice”.

“If you think you can hide the ill-gotten gains of crime, you are wrong. If you think you can avoid detection by using encrypted devices, you are wrong,” Toole said.

“We know these encrypted devices are being used to plan serious crimes like drugs and firearms smuggling, money laundering and even murder.

“These reforms will make it an offence to possess these kinds of devices and allow us to better target high-risk individuals from using them to orchestrate crime.”

Legislation will be introduced when parliament returns for the spring session.


miss this lil n-gate like you wouldn't believe

n-gate please come back

Reported by:

post thumnail
DALL-E Mini has rebranded as craiyon :marppypat:


Minecraft's New "Rules" Are Terrible - YouTube

It's time for miners to reportmaxx

The Anti-Sal


![](https://i.imgur.com/hk7kp_d.webp?maxwidth=9999&fidelity=high) ![](https://i.imgur.com/ABLbU_d.webp?maxwidth=9999&fidelity=high)

![](https://i.imgur.com/9BTAq_d.webp?maxwidth=9999&fidelity=high) ![](https://i.imgur.com/6XAgc_d.webp?maxwidth=9999&fidelity=high)

I've been playing the same game of Civ II for 10 years. Though long outdated, I grew fascinated with this particular game because by the time Civ III was released, I was already well into the distant future. I then thought that it might be interesting to see just how far into the future I could get and see what the ramifications would be. Naturally I play other games and have a life, but I often return to this game when I'm not doing anything and carry on. The results are as follows.

  • The world is a hellish nightmare of suffering and devastation.

  • There are 3 remaining super nations in the year 3991 A.D, each competing for the scant resources left on the planet after dozens of nuclear wars have rendered vast swaths of the world uninhabitable wastelands.

-The ice caps have melted over 20 times (somehow) due primarily to the many nuclear wars. As a result, every inch of land in the world that isn't a mountain is inundated swamp land, useless to farming. Most of which is irradiated anyway.

-As a result, big cities are a thing of the distant past. Roughly 90% of the worlds population (at it's peak 2000 years ago) has died either from nuclear annihilation or famine caused by the global warming that has left absolutely zero arable land to farm. Engineers (late game worker units) are always busy continuously building roads so that new armies can reach the front lines. Roads that are destroyed the very next turn when the enemy goes. So there isn't any time to clear swamps or clean up the nuclear fallout.

-Only 3 super massive nations are left. The Celts (me), The Vikings, And the Americans. Between the three of us, we have conquered all the other nations that have ever existed and assimilated them into our respective empires.

-You've heard of the 100 year war? Try the 1700 year war. The three remaining nations have been locked in an eternal death struggle for almost 2000 years. Peace seems to be impossible. Every time a cease fire is signed, the Vikings will surprise attack me or the Americans the very next turn, often with nuclear weapons. Even when the U.N forces a peace treaty. So I can only assume that peace will come only when they're wiped out. It is this that perpetuates the war ad infinitum. Have any of you old Civ II players out there ever had this problem in the post-late game?

-Because of SDI, ICBMS are usually only used against armies outside of cities. Instead, cities are constantly attacked by spies who plant nuclear devices which then detonate (something I greatly miss from later civ games). Usually the down side to this is that every nation in the world declares war on you. But this is already the case so its no longer a deterrent to anyone. My self included.

-The only governments left are two theocracies and myself, a communist state. I wanted to stay a democracy, but the Senate would always over-rule me when I wanted to declare war before the Vikings did. This would delay my attack and render my turn and often my plans useless. And of course the Vikings would then break the cease fire like clockwork the very next turn. Something I also miss in later civ games is a little internal politics. Anyway, I was forced to do away with democracy roughly a thousand years ago because it was endangering my empire. But of course the people hate me now and every few years since then, there are massive guerrilla (late game barbarians) uprisings in the heart of my empire that I have to deal with which saps resources from the war effort.

-The military stalemate is air tight. The post-late game in civ II is perfectly balanced because all remaining nations already have all the technologies so there is no advantage. And there are so many units at once on the map that you could lose 20 tank units and not have your lines dented because you have a constant stream moving to the front. This also means that cities are not only tiny towns full of starving people, but that you can never improve the city. "So you want a granary so you can eat? Sorry; I have to build another tank instead. Maybe next time."

-My goal for the next few years is to try and end the war and thus use the engineers to clear swamps and fallout so that farming may resume. I want to rebuild the world. But I'm not sure how. If any of you old Civ II players have any advice, I'm listening.

Edit: -Wow guys. Thanks for all your support. I had no idea this post would get this kind of response. -I'll be sure to keep you guys updated on my efforts. Whether here on Reddit, or a blog, or both. -Turns out a whole subreddit has been dedicated to ending this war. It's at /r/theeternalwar


We've been watching GPU prices fall since the start of the year, but the past few weeks suggest things could get a lot worse — for the graphics card manufacturers and GPU vendors, that is — in the near future.

GPU prices dropped 15% in May, and we've seen similar 10–15% drops each month for the past several months. We saw the best graphics cards come back into stock (at retail) as GPU mining profitability has plummeted — and that was before Bitcoin and Ethereum crashed again, dropping Bitcoin from around $30,000 to the low $20,000s and Ethereum from around $1,900 to about $1,100. In the past week, Bitcoin's value dropped over 30%, while Ethereum plunged by more than 40%.

This has happened before — back in 2018, when it resulted in a massive oversupply of many GPU lines. AMD's Polaris GPUs, such as the RX 570 and RX 580, went from being wildly-popular mining GPUs to being cards you could pick up for a song. The low-end RX 560 cost almost as much as the RX 570 4GB, even though the latter offered more than twice the performance. And it's not just retail prices that will threaten sales — used GPUs will start to flood the market as people abandon cryptocurrency mining.

We're already starting to see some of these effects. Remember just a few months ago, when the RTX 3080 couldn't be found for under $1,000? It's now going for less than $650 on eBay, and we've seen listings selling groups of six RTX 3080s for as little as $2,500 — $418 each! With the current profitability of RTX 3080 mining hovering around $0.85 per day (after power costs), even hardcore miners are ready to throw in the towel and see what remaining value they can get out of their cards. Wannabe miners would still be looking at about a year and a half to break even, assuming things don't get continue getting worse.

This might sound like doom and gloom, but it's actually great news for anyone looking to upgrade to a new graphics card! Not that we're suggesting you run out and buy a used graphics card off eBay, but we expect nearly every current generation graphics card will soon be found for less-than-retail prices — maybe far less. Here's a look at the latest GPU prices compared to just two weeks ago. (We'll break things down into retail and eBay tables, to make things more understandable.)


Cloudflare outage on June 21, 2022 :marseykernelpanic::!marseybsod:



Today, June 21, 2022, Cloudflare suffered an outage that affected traffic in 19 of our data centers. Unfortunately, these 19 locations handle a significant proportion of our global traffic. This outage was caused by a change that was part of a long-running project to increase resilience in our busiest locations. A change to the network configuration in those locations caused an outage which started at 06:27 UTC. At 06:58 UTC the first data center was brought back online and by 07:42 UTC all data centers were online and working correctly.

Depending on your location in the world you may have been unable to access websites and services that rely on Cloudflare. In other locations, Cloudflare continued to operate normally.

We are very sorry for this outage. This was our error and not the result of an attack or malicious activity.


Over the last 18 months, Cloudflare has been working to convert all of our busiest locations to a more flexible and resilient architecture. In this time, we’ve converted 19 of our data centers to this architecture, internally called Multi-Colo PoP (MCP): Amsterdam, Atlanta, Ashburn, Chicago, Frankfurt, London, Los Angeles, Madrid, Manchester, Miami, Milan, Mumbai, Newark, Osaka, São Paulo, San Jose, Singapore, Sydney, Tokyo.

A critical part of this new architecture, which is designed as a Clos network, is an added layer of routing that creates a mesh of connections. This mesh allows us to easily disable and enable parts of the internal network in a data center for maintenance or to deal with a problem. This layer is represented by the spines in the following diagram.

This new architecture has provided us with significant reliability improvements, as well as allowing us to run maintenance in these locations without disrupting customer traffic. As these locations also carry a significant proportion of the Cloudflare traffic, any problem here can have a very wide impact, and unfortunately, that’s what happened today.

Incident timeline and impact

In order to be reachable on the Internet, networks like Cloudflare make use of a protocol called BGP. As part of this protocol, operators define policies which decide which prefixes (a collection of adjacent IP addresses) are advertised to peers (the other networks they connect to), or accepted from peers.

These policies have individual components, which are evaluated sequentially. The end result is that any given prefixes will either be advertised or not advertised. A change in policy can mean a previously advertised prefix is no longer advertised, known as being "withdrawn", and those IP addresses will no longer be reachable on the Internet.

While deploying a change to our prefix advertisement policies, a re-ordering of terms caused us to withdraw a critical subset of prefixes.

Due to this withdrawal, Cloudflare engineers experienced added difficulty in reaching the affected locations to revert the problematic change. We have backup procedures for handling such an event and used them to take control of the affected locations.

  • 03:56 UTC: We deploy the change to our first location. None of our locations are impacted by the change, as these are using our older architecture.

  • 06:17: The change is deployed to our busiest locations, but not the locations with the MCP architecture.

  • 06:27: The rollout reached the MCP-enabled locations, and the change is deployed to our spines. This is when the incident started, as this swiftly took these 19 locations offline.

  • 06:32: Internal Cloudflare incident declared.

  • 06:51: First change made on a router to verify the root cause.

  • 06:58: Root cause found and understood. Work begins to revert the problematic change.

  • 07:42: The last of the reverts has been completed. This was delayed as network engineers walked over each other's changes, reverting the previous reverts, causing the problem to re-appear sporadically.

  • 09:00: Incident closed.

The criticality of these data centers can clearly be seen in the volume of successful HTTP requests we handled globally:

Even though these locations are only 4% of our total network, the outage impacted 50% of total requests. The same can be seen in our egress bandwidth:

Technical description of the error and how it happened

As part of our continued effort to standardize our infrastructure configuration, we were rolling out a change to standardize the BGP communities we attach to a subset of the prefixes we advertise. Specifically, we were adding informational communities to our site-local prefixes.

These prefixes allow our metals to communicate with each other, as well as connect to customer origins. As part of the change procedure at Cloudflare, a Change Request ticket was created, which includes a dry-run of the change, as well as a stepped rollout procedure. Before it was allowed to go out, it was also peer reviewed by multiple engineers. Unfortunately, in this case, the steps weren’t small enough to catch the error before it hit all of our spines.

The change looked like this on one of the routers:

[edit policy-options policy-statement 4-COGENT-TRANSIT-OUT term ADV-SITELOCAL then]

  •  community add STATIC-ROUTE;
  •  community add SITE-LOCAL-ROUTE;
  •  community add TLL01;
  •  community add EUROPE;

[edit policy-options policy-statement 4-PUBLIC-PEER-ANYCAST-OUT term ADV-SITELOCAL then]

  •  community add STATIC-ROUTE;
  •  community add SITE-LOCAL-ROUTE;
  •  community add TLL01;
  •  community add EUROPE;

[edit policy-options policy-statement 6-COGENT-TRANSIT-OUT term ADV-SITELOCAL then]

  •  community add STATIC-ROUTE;
  •  community add SITE-LOCAL-ROUTE;
  •  community add TLL01;
  •  community add EUROPE;

[edit policy-options policy-statement 6-PUBLIC-PEER-ANYCAST-OUT term ADV-SITELOCAL then]

  •  community add STATIC-ROUTE;
  •  community add SITE-LOCAL-ROUTE;
  •  community add TLL01;
  •  community add EUROPE;

This was harmless, and just added some additional information to these prefix advertisements. The change on the spines was the following:

[edit policy-options policy-statement AGGREGATES-OUT]

term 6-DISABLED_PREFIXES { ... }

! term 6-ADV-TRAFFIC-PREDICTOR { ... }

! term 4-ADV-TRAFFIC-PREDICTOR { ... }

! term ADV-FREE { ... }

! term ADV-PRO { ... }

! term ADV-BIZ { ... }

! term ADV-ENT { ... }

! term ADV-DNS { ... }

! term REJECT-THE-REST { ... }

! term 4-ADV-SITE-LOCALS { ... }

! term 6-ADV-SITE-LOCALS { ... }

[edit policy-options policy-statement AGGREGATES-OUT term 4-ADV-SITE-LOCALS then]

community delete NO-EXPORT { ... }

  •  community add STATIC-ROUTE;
  •  community add SITE-LOCAL-ROUTE;
  •  community add AMS07;
  •  community add EUROPE;

[edit policy-options policy-statement AGGREGATES-OUT term 6-ADV-SITE-LOCALS then]

community delete NO-EXPORT { ... }

  •  community add STATIC-ROUTE;
  •  community add SITE-LOCAL-ROUTE;
  •  community add AMS07;
  •  community add EUROPE;</code>

An initial glance at this diff might give the impression that this change is identical, but unfortunately, that’s not the case. If we focus on one part of the diff, it might become clear why:

! term REJECT-THE-REST { ... }

! term 4-ADV-SITE-LOCALS { ... }

! term 6-ADV-SITE-LOCALS { ... }

In this diff format, the exclamation marks in front of the terms indicate a re-ordering of the terms. In this case, multiple terms moved up, and two terms were added to the bottom. Specifically, the 4-ADV-SITE-LOCALS and 6-ADV-SITE-LOCALS terms moved from the top to the bottom. These terms were now behind the REJECT-THE-REST term, and as might be clear from the name, this term is an explicit reject:


then reject;


As this term is now before the site-local terms, we immediately stopped advertising our site-local prefixes, removing our direct access to all the impacted locations, as well as removing the ability of our servers to reach origin servers.

On top of the inability to contact origins, the removal of these site-local prefixes also caused our internal load balancing system Multimog (a variation of our Unimog load-balancer) to stop working, as it could no longer forward requests between the servers in our MCPs. This meant that our smaller compute clusters in an MCP received the same amount of traffic as our largest clusters, causing the smaller ones to overload.

Remediation and follow-up steps

This incident had widespread impact, and we take availability very seriously. We have identified several areas of improvement and will continue to work on uncovering any other gaps that could cause a recurrence.

Here is what we are working on immediately:

Process: While the MCP program was designed to improve availability, a procedural gap in how we updated these data centers ultimately caused a broader impact in MCP locations specifically. While we did use a stagger procedure for this change, the stagger policy did not include an MCP data center until the final step. Change procedures and automation need to include MCP-specific test and deploy procedures to ensure there are no unintended consequences.

Architecture: The incorrect router configuration prevented the proper routes from being announced, preventing traffic from flowing properly to our infrastructure. Ultimately the policy statement that caused the incorrect routing advertisement will be redesigned to prevent an unintentional incorrect ordering.

Automation: There are several opportunities in our automation suite that would mitigate some or all of the impact seen from this event. Primarily, we will be concentrating on automation improvements that enforce an improved stagger policy for rollouts of network configuration and provide an automated “commit-confirm” rollback. The former enhancement would have significantly lessened the overall impact, and the latter would have greatly reduced the Time-to-Resolve during the incident.


Although Cloudflare has invested significantly in our MCP design to improve service availability, we clearly fell short of our customer expectations with this very painful incident. We are deeply sorry for the disruption to our customers and to all the users who were unable to access Internet properties during the outage. We have already started working on the changes outlined above and will continue our diligence to ensure this cannot happen again.

  1. Crypto dweebs scalp 200 tickets to one of the main Efferium conferences

  2. Crypto dweebs make a post bragging about how they did it

  3. Conference organizers void the scalped tickets and pocket the cash to enjoy at the casino tomorrow night

  4. Crypto dweebs go into a full-blown sneedout and threaten futile legal action

Valve actually fixes their fucking game

some of these bugs are fucking funny though. I didn't even know the skeletons had a high-framerate animation

rdrama terminal client when?


After 10 years I found out my keyboard ain’t mechanical

Thought about replacing it, it’s works fine but just wanted a wireless one so I can free up my desk. Looked at prices and was like nah, I am good.

How 2 Learn 2 Actually code

I’am familiar with a lot of concepts and have done a small amount of intro level shit, but how would I go about actually learning applicable/hobby level coding without taking classes?

Edit: I have decided to learn assembly

New Patches for booting Linux on the Wii U :marseykirby2::marseypenguin::marseykernelpanic:

Another link of interest: https://wiki.linux-wiiu.org/wiki/Main_Page

:marscientist: Scientist thinks running a WASM Python interpreter in the bowser :marseyhacker: is a good idea; Science proves that the idea is bloated :marseyobesescale::marseyobesescale:


write down there the time it takes to load the shit (after the second load, to allow it to build up the cache)



POLL: What operating systems do dramanauts & slackers use?